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What is a Splint?

A splint is an orthopedic device that supports and protects fractured or injured bones and joints. It keeps the injured body from moving and protects it from further damage until it fully heals. Splints are both flexible and rigid, and the type of splint you need will largely depend on the type of injury and the part of your body that is injured.

Rehab Store carries all the materials required for applying splints and casts, such as dynamic splints, precut splints, preformed splints, padding materials, strapping materials, splinting tools, postop shoes, etc. at an affordable price from top brands.

What is a Splint used for?

Splinting techniques are normally used to treat musculoskeletal system abnormalities. A splint temporarily immobilizes a limb for pain and spasm, decreases swelling, minimizes further potential soft-tissue or neurovascular injuries, and helps heal sprains, contusions, lacerations, fractures, dislocations, or painful joints. Splints are used both as a measure to support injured limbs in an emergency or definitive treatment. People often apply a temporary splint made from materials available around until proper medical attention is given. The indications for splinting include:

  • Immobilization of fractures
  • Temporary stabilization of sprains, strains, fractures until further evaluation or definitive treatment
  • Severe soft tissue injuries requiring immobilization and protection from further injuries
  • Treatment of dislocations and joint instability
  • Peripheral neuropathy requiring extremity protection
  • Partial immobilization for minor soft tissue injuries

Injuries or conditions that require special attention while applying Splints

  • Open wounds or injuries that violate the skin
  • Injuries that result in sensory or neurologic deficits
  • Injuries to the vasculature
  • Patients with peripheral vascular disease or neuropathy

Benefits of Orthopedic Splints

  • Reduce swelling and inflammation
  • Provide support and stability to weakened muscles
  • Protect reconstructed joints after surgery 
  • Easily adjustable to improve patient comfort
  • Easily removed for bathing and regular inspection of the injured site
  • Allow for a decrease or increase in swelling during the initial inflammatory phase of the injury
  • Splints can be molded into any necessary position

What is the difference between Splint and Cast?

Both casts and splints support and protect broken or injured bones, ligaments, tendons, and joints. They help immobilize the injured body part to keep it in place until it fully heals.

Casts offer more support and protection than splints. They are made of materials like plaster or fiberglass that can be easily molded to the shape of the injured limb. They are custom made and wrap completely around the injury. Casts are not adjustable and may need replacement when the swelling goes down.

Splints are also known as half-casts. Splints do not provide as much support as a cast but are faster and easier to use. They can accommodate swelling if it increases or decreases. Splints can be ready-made or custom-made.

How to apply a Splint?

Before applying a splint, a stockinette is placed as a protective layer to the skin. Splint padding is applied between the stockinette and splinting material to accommodate swelling of the limb. Splinting materials come in either strips or rolls. The caregiver dips the strips or rolls in water and applies it over the padding covering the affected area. The splint must conform to the shape of the injured arm or leg to provide adequate support.

Important things to consider after application of a Splint

  1. Elevate the arm or leg on the pillow above the level of your heart for the first 24-72 hours to help reduce swelling. 
  2. Apply ice to the splint until the swelling goes down.
  3. Do not get the splint wet. 
  4. Move the uninjured but swollen arms or legs gently to prevent stiffness.
  5. Do not use lotions or oils near your splint.
  6. Consult your physician if you experience the following symptoms:

 

  • Increased pain
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Burning and stinging
  • Fever
  • Excessive swelling below the splint
  • Trouble moving fingers or toes

 

Where to buy Splinting Materials online?

Rehab Store offers a wide selection of superior quality casting and splinting supplies from top-selling manufacturers like Patterson Medical, North Coast Medical, BSN Medical, and many more. Shop now and grab exciting discounts and offers.

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